Functions

As per the Municipal Act 2000 the Municipal Councils/Committee performs following duties:-

i. Preparation of plans for economic development and social justice;

ii. Performance of functions and implementation of the schemes, which may be entrusted to them including following:-

The Directorate of Urban Local Bodies is taking all measures to ensure proper urban Town Planning of all Municipal Councils/Committees. Though there had been deviations in Building construction activities during last 15 years (turmoil period) but the things have been set right immediately after the present Govt. took over.

A good number of illegal constructions, encroachments have been removed under beautification drive during last two and a half year and efforts have been made to ensure the provisions of Ribbon Development Act and proper urban planning and land use. The constructional activities are now being made strictly as per the proper planning.

The hectic job of ensuring regulation of proper land management was undertaken by Directorate of Urban Local Bodies, Kashmir. despite all odds. The Municipal Councils / Committees were given strict directions to identify every piece of land which belongs to it for its proper usage for creation of commercial assets, which step has helped in fetching good revenue and augmenting their resources positions. The Councils/Committees have now been able to raise further commercial assets under Self Financing Scheme from the revenue generated by auction of raised assets. This step has also created avenues for employment generation to the unemployed youths. The institutions through this venture have been able to make huge savings, which they are utilizing for the welfare and development of their areas especially providing of infrastructure, facilities like Bus Addas, parks, and providing of civic amenities etc.

The department of Urban Local Bodies, has taken measures for improving Sanitation in all the Urban Local Body Institutions of Kashmir and is contemplating to formulate projects for Solid Waste Management for all the towns for disposal of solid waste on scientific methods. Latest equipments like JCB's, pickup Vans, suckers, tractors, loaders etc. are being used for this purpose. New Dumping sites have been identified for dumping of garbage, solid wastes and town refuses.

The Department of Urban Local Bodies Kashmir is also busy to protect the environment of the towns and promote ecological aspects. Urban Forestry is one of the challenging task of Urban Local Body Institutions. Municipal Committee, Sumbal, Hajin, Bandipora, Beerwah and Magam having plantation nurseries amounting to Crores of rupees as per present market value.

For the upliftment of urban slums and raising their life standards a number of schemes are under implementation for providing:
• Shelter for slum dwellers without shelter;
• Community latrine facilities to eradicate nuisance of night soil on open areas;
• Civic facilities in these areas;

The department of Urban Local Bodies, has taken measures for improving Sanitation in all the Urban Local Body Institutions of Kashmir and is contemplating to formulate projects for Solid Waste Management for all the towns for disposal of solid waste on scientific methods. Latest equipments like JCB's, pickup Vans, suckers, tractors, loaders etc. are being used for this purpose. New Dumping sites have been identified for dumping of garbage, solid wastes and town refuses.

Some of the Institutions are already having Libraries with plenty of books which helps in promoting the cultural, Educational and aesthetic aspects of the towns.

The Municipal Councils / Committees are maintaining burial grounds and cremation grounds also.

All the necessary measures are being taken up for construction / maintenance of cattle ponds and also for prevention of cruelty to animals and their disposal.

The department is also safeguarding the interests of weaker sections and has taken up certain projects for improvement of Slums and for its upgradation. For the purpose the department is contributing lot for urban poverty alleviation with the financial support of central and state Government under the schemes
(a) VAMBAY and (b) NBAY.

a. VALMIKI AMBADKAR AWAS YOJNA (VAMBAY) is aimed at providing shelter to the people living below poverty line (BPL) in Urban Slums. The Govt. of India has devised guidelines for VALMIKI AMBADKAR AWAS YOJNA (VAMBAY) and the guidelines clearly indicates that this concept has essentially been deviced to benefit these deprived people, as the shelter is the basic human requirement. NIRMAL BHARAT ABHIYAN YOJNA (NBAY) is also aimed to provide community type latrines to the families covered under VAMBAY Scheme mostly in slum areas and families living in urban areas Below Poverty Line (BPL). An Action Plan consisting of 352 beneficiaries stands already approved by the Govt. and the said project is under implementation. 12 towns are yet to be covered, which have not been brought under the purview of VALMIKI AMBADKAR AWAS YOJNA (VAMBAY). To extend the benefit of this scheme to the left over towns and left-over population of 22 towns (already covered) and has been decided to submit fresh proposals to Govt. for sanction, which would approximately cover the population of some 60,000 people living below poverty line in Urban Slum areas. As per estimation and drawings prepared, the cost per dwelling unit shall be Rs.80,000/-, out of which Rs.45,000/- as per present norms shall be paid by the Central and State Governments and the balance amount of Rs.35,000/- will be borne by the beneficiaries either through their personal savings or raising Bank loans. This proposal covers as many as 32 institutions and 1136 Dwelling Units have been proposed to be constructed under this scheme in the slum areas of the above said towns. The total cost of these dwelling units has been worked out to the tune of Rs.908.80 lakhs out of which Rs.511.20 lakhs will be subsidy amount.

b. NIRMAL BHARAT ABHIYAN YOJNA (NBAY) As an upliftment measure of slum dwellers, a provision has been kept in VAMBAY scheme to provide Sanitary Latrines to slum dwellers. This has formed an integral part of scheme, which necessitated its simultaneous construction/implementation in the Slum areas where VAMBAY scheme is proposed to be implemented/taken up. Accordingly, the Directorate of Urban Local Bodies Kashmir has made out proposals for construction of community type latrines on the ratio of one latrine to 8 families. As per the estimation and drawing prepared the cost of one seat shall be Rs.0.40 lakhs which shall be paid by Central/State Govt. The total No. of Community Type Latrines comes to 653 at an estimated cost of Rs.261.20 lakhs to benefit 31100 persons living in urban slum areas.

The Municipal Councils / Committees are maintaining the records of Deaths and Births in their respective areas.

The department is also engaged in devising schemes for Municipal Committees / Councils for economic and social development of these Institutions. New projects like Saffron Shopping Complex Pampore, Shopping Mall at Anantnag and Baramulla have been taken up which will help in generating revenue to these Councils/Committees as well generating employment for the un-employed youths. As per the Municipal Act 2000, Municipal Councils/committees can impose following taxes, tolls and fees in the whole or any part of the Municipality:-
i. a tax on profession, trade, callings and employments;
ii. a tax on vehicles other than motor vehicles, plying for hire or kept within the Municipal area;
iii. a tax on animals used for riding, draught or burden kept for use within the Municipal area, whether they are actually kept within or outside the municipal area;
iv. a tax on dogs kept within the municipal area;
v. a show tax;
vi. a toll on vehicles other than motor vehicles, and conveyances entering in the municipal area;
vii. a tax on boats moored within the municipal area;
viii. a tax on the consumption of electricity at the rate of one paisa for every unit of electricity consumed by any person within the limits of the municipal area;
ix. a tax on advertisements other than advertisements published in the newspapers;
x. a tax on building payable along with the application for sanction of the building plans;
xi. a fee with regards to pilgrimage;
xii. a fee with regard to drainage;
xiii. a fee with regard to lighting;
xiv. a fee with regard to scavenging;
xv. a fee of cleaning of latrines and privies;
xvi. a fee in the nature of costs for providing internal services under the scheme framed under section 205 of the Municipal Act 2000;
xvii. an education cess;
xviii. a local rate on land revenue;
Though the Municipal Councils/Committees are not imposing all the above referred taxes, but only few taxes are being imposed. The amount so collected from the above taxes, tolls and fees is being utilized for the developmental activities of the respective Municipal Councils/Committees;

The Municipal Councils / Committees are regulating Slaughter Houses within their jurisdiction so as to ensure that infectious and ill animals are not slaughtered. Modern type slaughter houses are being proposed to be constructed in number of towns / municipal areas.

The Municipal Councils / Committees are providing public amenities within their respective areas which include street lighting. Parking lots are provided for parking of vehicles within Municipal limits to alert traffic hazards. In vital public places, the most of the Institutions have made arrangements for public convenience on their own and at some places with the help of NGO's.

To ensure that people living within Municipal limits getting hygienic food commodities, the Municipal Committee / Councils are enforcing Food Adulteration Act 1954.